One of the most common problems and enemies of women are blemishes on their skin.
Knowing where they tend to appear will make it easier to take countermeasures.
The following is an introduction to the types of blemishes, the causes of blemishes, and effective countermeasures.
Main Causes of Blemishes
When exposed to ultraviolet rays, melanocytes inside the skin become active.
Melanin is produced and the skin turns reddish-black, resulting in sunburn.
Normally, melanin is expelled from the outside of the skin by the skin's turnover mechanism, so the darkening of the skin is temporary.
However, as the skin becomes more and more damaged by ultraviolet rays, the turnover does not work properly.
This causes melanin to remain in the skin and light brown or dark brown pigment appears on the surface of the skin and becomes a blemish.
Where are spots most likely to form?
The face is the part of the skin most prone to blemishes.
While the skin on other parts of the body is hidden by clothing, the face is exposed to the outside air all the time, which causes more damage to the skin.
In addition, the skin covering the face contains more pigment cells than other parts of the body.
Exposure to ultraviolet rays causes the pigment cells to work actively, resulting in the production and deposition of melanin pigment.
Types and Characteristics of Facial Blemishes
There are several types of spots on the face.
The light brown spots that appear symmetrically on both sides of the cheeks are called melasma.
It is said to be more common in adult women.
Blemishes around the eyes are caused by friction such as rubbing the eyes.
They are also more susceptible to damage when exposed to ultraviolet light if blood flow is poor.
Forehead spots are more likely to form due to vitamin deficiency caused by hormonal imbalance.
How to Prevent Blemishes?
To prevent the formation of melanin, it is possible to prevent it by always using a sunscreen that blocks UV rays.
It is important to pay attention to the SPF and PA values and choose the right one for your purpose.
It is also necessary to take care of your skin daily to keep your skin as dry as possible.
Skin care products containing whitening ingredients such as vitamin C derivatives and arbutin, which promote melanin elimination, as well as tranexamic acid and placenta extract, which suppress melanin production, will strengthen the skin's barrier function.
It is easy to forget to review one's daily diet and lifestyle.
Try to get proper sleep and eat a diet rich in vitamins.
It is also important not to accumulate stress.
Light exercise such as walking in daily life is also effective.